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Pericles (495 - 429 BC) wore many hats. He was a Greek statesman, a politician, and a military leader. He also promoted arts and literature, and had such a profound impact on the Athenian society, that he was deemed "the first citizen of Athens."
Pericles was the ruler of Athens from 461 BC until he died of the plague in 429 BC.
His political legacy is that of Athenian Imperialism which denies democracy and freedom to all but the ruling state, and this is said to have ruined Athens.
When the government or the ruling class are the only ones with rights and privileges and freedom, the remaining populace are but subjects.